Paper waste comprises nearly one-third of solid waste produced throughout the globe. Earlier, paper waste was disposed either in landfills, consuming a huge lot of space or they were incinerated. Combusting paper through incineration tends to release carbon dioxide, thus disrupting the natural atmospheric balance. The increased greenhouse effect is accountable for climate change and global warming, making incineration and landfill disposal unsuitable and destructive options for paper waste management. Paper recycling is considered as a green solution for paper waste management. Paper recycling is a process of converting waste paper as reusable paper and different products. The process of recycling paper deals with many stages, which include collection, sorting, shredding, re-pulping and de-inking.
Different stages of recycling paper
The first stage involved in paper waste management is collection. Paper waste, like printer paper, newspapers and product boxes and cardboard, is collected by keeping recycle bins in the schools, offices, public places and households. The process of collection is done by private companies and municipal organizations that specialize in waste recycling. The next stage of recycling paper is sorting. Once they are collected, paper waste is sorted into various piles based on the type and quality of paper. The piles are compressed to make bales when in turn are utilized to make recycled paper. Shredding is the important step in paper recycling. This process involved cutting the paper into small bits, which are further broken down as fibers. Re-pulping is a process in which fibers are converted into pulp by mixing water. This pulp contains different unnecessary components like old ink, weak fibers and dirt.
In this stage of paper waste management, the pulp is washed, separated, sieved and then rotated. Resultantly, weak fibers, old ink and dirt get segregated from the pulp by means of sludge that is then discarded. The clean pulp is used to make recycled paper and also other products like fruit trays, egg crates, paper cardboard, false ceilings and insulation. Importance of paper recycling Paper recycling is an efficient and environmentally friendly process, which helps in limiting deforestation practices. Many animal and plant species go extinct if their natural habitat is harmed due to deforestation. If trees are cut down, it disturbs the balance of atmospheric gases as well. It is found that each ton of recycled paper saves about sixty thousand liters of water, which is really a great benefit as the production of fresh paper consumes huge amounts of water.
Baling techniques for paper scrap
Proper baling processes for scraping paper can assist achieve the competitive edge. Paper miss customers tend to demand heavy, strong, stackable and homogeneous bales of scrap paper. The baling machines play a vital role in attaining these quality bales along with appropriate feeding of paper scrap baler. Creating heavy, strong and dense bales is the important requirement. Heavier bales will support filling up the trailer or container sufficiently and hence use optimum tonnage potential. There would be a need to bale paper according to the type of quality of paper waste that is being processed.